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[BRLY-2022-158] Memory contents leak / information disclosure vulnerability in DXE driver on Dell platform.

June 22, 2023


BINARLY efiXplorer team has discovered a memory contents leak / information disclosure vulnerability that allows a potential attacker to dump stack memory or global memory into an NVRAM variable. This in turn could help building a successful attack vector based on exploiting a memory corruption vulnerability.

Vulnerability Information

  • BINARLY internal vulnerability identifier: BRLY-2022-158
  • Dell PSIRT assigned CVE identifier: CVE-2023-28059
  • DSA identifier: DSA-2023-099
  • CVSS v3.1: 4.9 Medium AV:P/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N

Affected Dell firmware with confirmed impact by Binarly team

Product Firmware version CPU Module name Module GUID Module SHA256
Inspiron 3020 Intel LaunchPad3Drv 1c675c27-6fb1-4170-94e7-3dffe8beadba 9f5a54f9d0c27666478c65e18a16f306190cf3dee18c3d4f98b528722f330601

Potential impact

An attacker with high physical access can exploit this vulnerability to read the contents of stack memory or global memory. This information could help with explotation of other vulnerabilities in DXE to elevate privileges from ring 3 or ring 0 (depends on the operating system) to a DXE driver and execute arbitrary code. Malicious code installed as a result of this exploitation could survive operating system (OS) boot process and runtime, or modify NVRAM area on the SPI flash storage (to gain persistence). Additionally, threat actors could use this vulnerability to bypass OS security mechanisms (modify privileged memory or runtime variables), influence OS boot process, and in some cases allow an attacker to hook or modify EFI Runtime services.

Vulnerability description

Let's take Inspiron 3020's firmware (version:, module sha256: 9f5a54f9d0c27666478c65e18a16f306190cf3dee18c3d4f98b528722f330601) as an example.

The following code in the module actually allows leaking memory:

  • a call to a gRT->GetVariable() offset: 0x1413
  • a call to a gRT->SetVariable() offset: 0x1442
__int64 __fastcall sub_13D4()
  signed __int64 v0; // rbx
  EFI_EVENT Event; // [rsp+40h] [rbp+10h] BYREF
  UINTN DataSize; // [rsp+48h] [rbp+18h] BYREF

  Event = 0i64;
  DataSize = 8i64;
  gRT->GetVariable(                             // <= first call (we can rewrite DataSize here)
  Event = (char *)Event + 1;
  gRT->SetVariable(                             // <= second call
  v0 = sub_14D4();
  if ( v0 >= 0 )
    if ( byte_155A0 )
      return sub_3F04();
      Event = 0i64;
      v0 = gBS->CreateEventEx(0x200u, 8ui64, nullsub_1, 0i64, &VariableGuid, &Event);
      if ( v0 >= 0 )
        v0 = gBS->SignalEvent(Event);
  return v0;

The gRT->SetVariable() service is called with the DataSize as an argument, which will be overwritten inside the gRT->GetVariable() service if the length of BIQ_BOOT_INTERRUPTION NVRAM variable is greater than 8.

Thus, a potential attacker can dump X - 8 bytes from the stack (or global memory) into BIQ_BOOT_INTERRUPTION NVRAM variable by setting BIQ_BOOT_INTERRUPTION NVRAM variable's size to X > 8.

To fix this vulnerability the DataSize must be re-initialized with the size of BIQ_BOOT_INTERRUPTION before calling gRT->SetVariable().

Disclosure timeline

This bug is subject to a 90 day disclosure deadline. After 90 days elapsed or a patch has been made broadly available (whichever is earlier), the bug report will become visible to the public.

Disclosure Activity Date (YYYY-mm-dd)
Dell PSIRT is notified 2022-12-29
Dell PSIRT confirmed reported issue 2023-03-16
Dell PSIRT assigned CVE number 2023-06-15
Dell PSIRT provide patch release 2023-06-15
BINARLY public disclosure date 2023-06-21


BINARLY efiXplorer team

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